Title: Drugs and social vulnerability: The importance of health promotion in school for the biopsychosocial development of adolescents
Nayara Perla Silva
Government of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil
Abstract: For this study, we held discussions about strengthening the school health program, with emphasis on interventions directed at reducing drug use with emphasis on mental health.
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs in school adolescents, establishing drug tracking as an initial step to develop a series of protective measures.
Methods: This study was realized with quantitative research approach, and the collection was done through a questionnaire with 19 questions. The final sample size was 237 adolescents. We used the questionnaire from the University of São Paulo, recommended by the World Health Organization for the investigation of drug use in the school population, as well as validated in researches in Brazil. The same was adapted to the reality of our students.
Result: the data identify the increased prevalence of alcohol consumption (44,3%) and among adolescents (62%) and tobacco (14,2%) and (9%) they consumed alcohol and tobacco. Regarding the consumption of illicit drugs we have the following prevalence of consumption: inhalants (11.1%), cannabis (9.9%) and hallucinogens (4.5%), crack (3.2%) and cocaine (1,6%). The prevalence of cannabis use "once in a lifetime" was 6,2% in the studied population, prevalence higher than that of the Brazilian population 5,8%. When frequent consumption 6 or more times, the prevalence was 2,0% higher than observed in the Brazilian population of 0,3%. Crack consumption 0.9% "once in a lifetime" and 0,7% in the Brazilian population of school age. A Frequent consumption of 6 or more frequently presented a prevalence of 2,0% in the Brazilian population and 0,7 and in school. We use the Data Analysis and Statistics Software (STATA) version 13.1 for statistical analysis. Conclusions: The results are very compromising if we take into account long-term consumption and increased consumption among adolescents. This is a problematic result, exposing the group to greater vulnerabilities, such as precocious pregnancy, sexual infections, problematic behavior, school failure, participation in trafficking, and the development of dual disorders. The problem of increased vulnerability related to the epidemiology of drug use is responsible for multiple social issues and is a global reality. The need to expand evidence-based practices allows epidemiological data to develop interventions related to the need of the subject and according to their uniqueness. Intersectoral interventions with a focus on health promotion in schools with drug screening allow identifying the prevalence of use and use-related disorders, reducing the impact of mental illness on young people.