2nd World Health Care & Nursing Conference | September 19 - 21, 2022 | Online


Cukurova University, Turkey


Babies and children in pediatric clinics are frequently exposed to painful interventions in line with medical needs. Babies are exposed to numerous painful stimuli due to preoperative invasive procedures, surgical trauma and postoperative invasive procedures that started for diagnosis and treatment in the neonatal and neonatal surgery intensive care unit. Babies experience physiological, psychological and metabolic problems as a result of the pain they experience. Considering that newborns feel pain at least as much as adults, pain relief and reduction is the right of every newborn. The most important goal in neonatal pain management is to minimize the pain felt by the newborns and to help the newborn cope with the pain. Many pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods are used for this purpose. It is stated that the pharmacological methods used have side effects such as respiratory depression and hypotension. Non-pharmacological methods are effective alone, especially in pain due to invasive procedures. When these methods are used together with pharmacological methods, they show that they increase the effectiveness of drugs. Nonpharmacological methods are valuable alternatives for pain control in minor invasive procedures applied to the newborn. It is important to determine the appropriate non-pharmacological pain relief methods that are effective and can be used in clinics. It has been stated that there is substantial evidence that different non-pharmacological methods can be used in preterm and term newborns to manage pain behaviors in acute painful procedures. It has been found that non-pharmacological methods applied during painful procedures such as frequently repeated heel blood collection and aspiration in newborns are effective in reducing pain. These methods include massage, using baby carrier, make the baby listen to music, sucrose, giving pacifier, wrapping, prone position, breastmilk/breastfeeding, touching and hugging, and fetal positioning, reducing environmental stimuli and individualized developmental care practices. In addition to these non-pharmacological methods, making newborns listen to white noise is a new method and information will be given about the researches on this subject.  It is very important to inform physicians and nurses working in neonatal units about pain in newborns, the effect of pain on neonatal development, and the use of non-pharmacological methods in effective pain management. It is important to draw the attention of pediatricians and nurses to this issue in terms of increasing the usability and prevalence of non-pharmacological methods.

Audience Take Away:

  • Importance of assessing newborn pain
  • The importance of relieving newborn pain with non-pharmacological methods
  • Information on nursing research on neonatal pain



Senay CETINKAYA has completed her PhD at Ege University. She worked as a Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Intensive Care Nurse at Ege University for 8 years. She has been continuing to train undergraduate and graduate students of nursing for 34 years. In 25 years of her 34-year study period, she conducted undergraduate and graduate courses in Child Health and Disease Nursing by herself.  She has been working as the head of the Pediatric Nursing Department at Çukurova University for 14 years. Senay Cetinkaya, who has 5 different medical device inventions, has 1 US, 2 European and 1 Turkish patents registered. At the same time, there are 1 German, 1 French, 2 Turkish patents applied for and being examined.